Cellulose Chemical Formula

(Cellulose Chemical Formula) Dosto common objects that have become familiar to us, which are everywhere in our daily life, would be impossible to imagine without the use of organic chemical products. Long found Anselm before chemical experiments.

As a result, he discovers and describes in 1838 a polysaccharide which itself has received the name “cellulose” (derived from French cellulose and Latin cellula, meaning “cell closet”), a substance having this active property was used in production as the most indispensable things

Increasing knowledge of cellulose has led to the emergence of a wide variety of things, based on it. Synthetic fibers (acetate, viscose rayon, copper ammonia), polymer films, enamels and varnishes, detergents, food additives (E460), and even smokeless powder production and processing of pulp of various grades, paperboard, plastic parts, and The products are.

In its pure form, cellulose is a white solid with rather attractive properties, showing high resistance to various chemical and physical effects.

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Nature has chosen cellulose (cellulose) as the main building material in the plant world, it forms the basis for the cell walls of trees and other higher plants. In nature’s purest form, cellulose is found in the hairs of cotton seeds.

The unique properties of this substance are determined by its basic composition. The cellulose formula has the usual notation (C 6 H 10 O 5) N, from which we see a clear polymeric structure. The α-glucose residue which is a much more frequent and more elaborate form – [C6H7O2(OH)3]-combines into a long linear molecule.

The molecular formula of cellulose determines its unique chemical properties to withstand the effects of aggressive environments. Also, cellulose has a high resistance to heat, even at 200 ° C the substance retains its structure and does not collapse. Self-ignition occurs at a temperature of 420 °C

No less attractive are cellulose physical properties. The structural formula of cellulose in the form of a long filament, consisting of 300 to 10 000 glucose residues with no lateral branches, largely determines the high stability of this substance. . The glucose formula shows that a lot of hydrogen bonding provides not only great mechanical strength but also high elasticity. The result of the analytical processing of many chemical experiments and studies was the creation of a model of the macromolecule of cellulose. It is a rigid helix with a phase of 2–3 primary links, stabilized by intramolecular hydrogen bonds.

Cellulose does not have a formula, but its degree of polymerization, which is a basic characteristic for many substances. In an industrial it is from 150 to 900 to 1000, pure wood pulp again their number in cellulose is reduced to 200-400, the indicator is 800-1000, and cellulose acetate – thus the glucosidic residue in raw cotton is 2500-3000 The number, pure cotton reaches up to 270 “links” in the molecule.

Cellulose product serves as a vegetable raw material, mainly wood. Cooking chips with various chemical reagents is the primary technological process, followed by cleaning, drying, and cutting the completed product.

The subsequent processing of cellulose makes it possible to obtain many materials with given physical and chemical properties, allowing to produce a wide variety of products, It’s tough to envision a modern person’s existence without it. A unique formula of cellulose, rectified by chemical and physical processing, became the basis for obtaining materials that had no analogs in nature, allowing them to be widely used in the chemical industry, medicine, and other human endeavors. It was once used to give

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