(Maharana Pratap History)-It was Maharana Pratap, the keeper of that freedom, who struggled throughout his life for the freedom of Mewar but never accepted the slavery of the Mughals. Maharana Pratap History
The name of Maharana Pratap is taken with great respect among the great sons of Rajasthan. Maharana Pratap, who wandered hungry and thirsty in the forest instead of the state’s comfort, was the keeper of self-respect for himself and the land of Mewar. His full name was Maharana Pratap Singh.
Maharana Pratap History :
- History Point- Maharana Pratap History
- Father- Rana Udai Singh
- Mother- Javanta Bai Sonagara
- Wife – Ajab De
- Born – 9 May 1540
- Died – 29 January 1597
- Son- Amar Singh
- horse – Chetak
- Tomb – Chavand
History of Maharana Pratap :
To know life introduction, biography, story, photo, video, birth anniversary, history of Mewar, we have to read this complete article. The unique Aan Baan and Shaan Wala or Rajasthan province are considered to be the Triveni of power, devotion, and attachment. The history of this place is famous for its bravery and courage.
Mewar, filled with such patriotism and valor, has been the birthplace of freedom-lover and great hero Maharana Pratap. There has been an eternal tradition of Prana more than life and life in this region.
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This Tapobhoomi of Rajasthan has been some such features, which are rare elsewhere. The heroes here considered it auspicious to die for the protection of the earth, religion, women and the helpless, the heroes of this place, giving up the attachment of their Kanchan-like physique, cut their heads with their hands, and obeyed their husbands’ vows. The saints here have awakened the light of human religion by removing the inertia of the people.
Maharana Pratap History :
Maharana Pratap (Pratap Singh) was born in Kumbhalgarh Fort of Mewar on 9th May 1540 according to the Hindu calendar (Jyestha Shukla Paksha Tritiya). This fort is 85 km away from Udaipur city. He was the eldest son of his father.
His mother was Maharani Jaswantabai. His father was Maharaja Udai Singh, the founder of Udaipur city. Pratap Singh was very brave and courageous since childhood. The entire royal court and the people of Mewar state used to take pride in his skill and bravery.
Maharana Udai Singh died on 28 February 1572 AD and on the same day Maharana Pratap was crowned at the age of 32 in Gogunda.
In a very short time, he achieved excellence in horse riding, weaponry. At the age of only seventeen, Maharana Pratap was married to Sukanya named Ajabde Panwar, who was Pratap’s first wife. In the year 1559, he got son wealth in the form of Amar Singh.
In 1567, when Pratap was only 27 years old, Akbar’s Mughal army invaded Chittor and occupied it. After snatching the fort, Pratap Singh along with his entire family came to Gogunda from Kumbhalgarh.
At the same time, Pratap was determined to take iron from the Mughals, but not seeing the situation in favor by the elders prevented Maharana Pratap from fighting.
Childhood of Maharana Pratap :
At the age of sixteen and seventeen, Maharana Pratap started going in military campaigns. Defeated Sanvaldas of Vagad and his brother Karmasi Chauhan in a battle on the banks of river Som. The Rathore and Gaudwad region of the Chappan region were also defeated and subdued.
The bravery of Maharana Pratap was praised everywhere. At the same time Maharana Pratap’s marriage, Rao Mamarkh Panwar’s daughter Ajabde became the wife (wife, spouse) of Maharana Pratap.
At the same time, Maharana Pratap started getting information about the current political situation of the country. Keeping the future in mind, Maharana Pratap selected his friends and started training them. On 16 March 1559, Maharana Pratap got a son named Amar Singh from Ajabde’s womb.
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At that time in India, Akbar was engaged in expanding his empire. The entire Rajputana bowed before him. Only one Mewar was adamant. Akbar’s invasion of Mewar was awaited.
Plans for conflict in the future began to be made. Maharana Pratap, along with his trusted friends Bhamashah, Tarachand, Jhala Mansingh, etc. at the foothills of the Victory Pillar, considered the whole situation, making plans for Mewar security.
During this, due to mutual estrangement, Maharana Pratap’s younger brother Shakti Singh got angry and went to Akbar.
On Akbar’s plan to attack Mewar, he returned to Chittor and gave the news, due to the decision of the war council, Maharana Udai Singh’s family went to Udaipur.
Maharana Pratap also had to go along with his heart. The rear command was handed over to Jaimal Rathod and Patta Chundawat. In October 1567, Akbar attacked Chitor.
Rana Pratap’s Height, Height, Weight, and Facts :
- Height of Maharana Pratap – 7 feet 5 inches
- Weight of Pratap’s spear – 80 kg
- Armor weight – 72 kg
- Shoe weight – 5 kg each shoe
- Weight of two swords – 25 kg each
There is a legend associated with Pratap, that his blow was so deadly, that his horse along with the enemy used to tear the elephant in two.
In the Haldighati war with Mansingh, Pratap, in retaliation for Bahlol Khan’s attack, tears him into two with a horse. It was a unique sight of Pratap’s immense power and fighting prowess.
Coronation of Maharana Pratap :
Udai Singh, the ruler of Mewar and father of Pratap, died in 1572. Now Jagmal was placed on the throne as his successor.
Who was not worthy of this post in any respect in comparison to Maharana Pratap. The entire court, counselors, and ministers also agreed with this.
Therefore, to put Maharana Pratap on the throne, the royal courtiers and big nobles decided to insist. Due to the opposition in this voice of all, Jagmal was removed from the throne and Maharana Pratap was crowned as the next ruler of Mewar in Gogunda itself.
This rule was a crown of thorns for Maharana Pratap, but the freedom-loving Pratap gladly accepted it. They didn’t get upset at all. Pratap made a firm pledge to make the entire Mewar state independent by making Kumbhalgarh and Gogunda the center.
Inspired people to protect freedom and culture. Organized the tribal class and made them a part of his army. Made military arrangements in the Godward land adjoining Kumbhalgarh and in the valleys of Aravalli. Organized the border system with Sirohi and Gujarat.
A war between Pratap and Akbar :
At the time when Rana Pratap took over the power of Mewar, the Mughals had authority over the Delhi Sultanate. Akbar had also captured Rajputana including all the states of northern India with his war valor. Due to their propaganda and anti-Hindu policies, there was acrimony between Pratap and Akbar from the beginning.
Maharana Pratap never considered Akbar as the ruler of India, despite the efforts of many treaties and agreements, Akbar could not agree with Pratap. Therefore, Akbar sent a huge army under the leadership of Senapati Mansingh to attack Mewar.
Mansingh left for Chittor with a huge army, the latter had been known to Maharana in the past. Therefore, Maharana Pratap waited for the Mughal army at the pass of Haldighati. This was the only way to reach Gogunda. Because of this Pratap was sure. The royal army would come through this route.
On 18 June 1576, the most historic battle in Indian history, which is called the Battle of Haldighati, was fought. Maharana Pratap’s army fought bravely even after being reduced in numbers.
In this battle, Maharana Pratap’s favorite horse Chetak was injured, due to Pratap leaving the field, the morale of the Rajput army fell, and as a result, had to face defeat.
Maharana Pratap built a huge army with the financial help of minister Bhamashah. In no time, Maharana got Mewar independent by driving the royal army from Chitor.
How and when did Maharana Pratap die?
In a hunting incident, Pratap fell ill due to injuries sustained on his body. Maharana Pratap died in Chavand on 29 January 1597 at the age of 57. Hearing the news of Maharana’s death, a wave of mourning spread everywhere.
In the whole of Mewar, from common people to prominent people gathered in Chavand. Yuvraj Amar Singh performed the cremation of Pratap at the pond of Badoli, three km from Chavand, with the law.
The famous biography and history of Pratap have been saved in Pratap Gaurav Kendra of Udaipur. Where daily thousands of people come and read the life story of a great great man for free.
Personality of Maharana Pratap:
Maharana Pratap was a great warrior and a true Jannayak. People of all religions were with Pratap in the struggle for the freedom of the motherland. Pratap, with his personality, made every person of Mewar a warrior who sacrificed everything for the freedom of the motherland.
Due to this Maharana Pratap became memorable in the morning of the public. The continuing struggle for the freedom and sovereignty of his country and contribution in diverse fields proves him great.
He gave affection like a father to the successors of the heroes who died in the wars and established the idea of protection of human rights by making extraordinary efforts for their rehabilitation.
Pratap made many efforts for women’s safety and protection. Due to his efforts, Mewar did not have to face a tragedy like Jauhar in the future.
Pratap taught women to respect by returning the imprisoned Mughal women safely. For the people and rulers suffering from famine after the famine, gave the technique of water-saving and making reservoirs at low cost.
Not only this, environmental protection has been defined as the duty of every ruler and citizen. Pratap’s contribution was reflective of his global vision. With this goal, Pratap got the three medical science books written by the name Vishwavillabh.
Cultured life is required by everyone, Pratap got a treatise like the ideal of behavior written for this purpose. Gave patronage to scholars and visionaries.
Among them, Sanskrit scholar Pandit Chakrapani Mishra was prominent. The coronation system, written under the patronage of Pratap, became the model for the Indian rulers. The Maratha rulers, including the rulers of Mewar and Gujarat, also started getting their consecration done by this method.
Maharana Pratap History and Chetak:
In the songs, Rana Pratap is said to be the rider of the blue horse, Chetak was his devoted horse. Who supported Pratap till his death. Even after being completely injured in the battle of Haldighati, Chetak took Pratap to a safe place by running on three legs.
This was the famous horse of the Iranian breed, which was brought by Rana Pratap from the village of Bhimora in Gujarat. A Kathiawar horse trader had come to Mewar carrying these three breeds of horses Chetak, Tratak, and Attock.
After testing the power of the horses, Tratak gave the horse to Pratap’s younger brother Shakti and Pratap himself chose Chetak as his companion.
While fighting the war with Mansingh, Chetak’s back leg was completely injured by the sword in his elephant’s leg. After that, he took Pratap from the battlefield to Chittor.
While jumping from a rainy rivulet, he fell into the creek, where he died. Pratap erected a memorial thereby giving a tomb to Chetak at this place, which is still known as Chetak Smarak in Chittor.
Chetak has his place in many heroic stories of Pratap. Due to Chetak’s agility, Pratap won many wars with ease. Pratap loved his Chetak like a son.
Contribution of Maharana Pratap History :
Rana Pratap patronized music, sculpture, and painting. In his court, by a painter like Nisaruddin, he gave birth to the Chavand painting style by making meditation pictures of six ragas and thirty-six ratings. These paintings of the Ragamala series are exemplary for painters of many other areas as well. This art is the treasure of Indian painting.
Pratap paid major attention to the safety of metal mines to maintain the prosperity of the country. Respect for all religions was a unique feature of Pratap’s personality.
The chiefs of the tribe put unparalleled faith in Pratap’s leadership. Temples like Harihar near Udaipur show the unity of Shaivism and Vaishnavism of his period.
In this way, values like patriotism, all religion harmony, tolerance, compassion, a war for independence, adherence to policy ideals, protection of human rights, respect for women, environment and water conservation and respect for the common man, and respect for literature and culture are bright signs of his greatness. Huh.
The Samadhi of Maharana Pratap will continue to inspire the people of the glorious life and ideals of this great character hero. It has been said about Rana Pratap.
Step by step Bhamya, leave the earth, Rakhyon religion.
Maharana Mewar, Hirde, Basya Hind Ray.
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