Soil Health Card Scheme is a scheme launched by the Government of India in the year February 2015. Under this scheme, the government plans to issue a soiled card to the farmers.
So that the farmer can be helped in getting a good crop by studying the quality of the soil. Soil is most important for the crop, if the quality of the soil is not right, then the crop will also not be done properly. That is why the Government of India has issued this card for the farmers.
The government intends to provide this card to around 14 crore farmers throughout India within three years under this plan. A report will be printed on this card, which will be given to the farmers once in three years for their field or land.
Soil Health Card Scheme :
Soil Health Card Scheme is very beneficial for the farmers. There are many uneducated farmers in India who do not know what kind of crops should be grown to get maximum yield. Basically, they do not know the properties of soil and its types. They may know from their experience the growth of crops and failure of crops, but they do not know how to improve the condition of the soil. For this, the Government of India has issued a Soil Health Card Scheme-
Under this scheme, a soil health card will be given to the farmers, in which information about the type of soil of the land of the farmers will be given. They will be given a list of what type of crop can be grown in their land so that they can get maximum benefit, and what needs to be improved in the soil of their land. Soil Health Card is a report card that will provide important information about the quality of the soil.
Highlights of Soil Health Card Scheme :
The main features of the Soil Health Card Scheme are as follows-
- Scheme Name –(Soil Health Card Scheme)
- Scheme Area- (Soil Testing)
- Scheme Launch Date- (February 2015)
- Scheme Launch- (By Prime Minister Narendra Modi)
- Budget- (568 crores)
Features of Soil Health Card Scheme :
The features of the Soil Health Card Scheme are as follows-
- 1- Under this scheme of the Government of India, at least 14 crore farmers have to be included in it.
- 2- This scheme will be included in all parts of the country.
In the form of a soiled card, a report will be given to the farmers, and this report will have complete information about the soil of their land.
One soil card will be given every 3 years for one farm.
Some facts included in the Soil Health Card Scheme
- 3- In the Soil Health Card scheme, the soil sample will be thoroughly inspected. After doing the complete inspection, a report will be prepared in the Soil Health Card which will contain the following things-
- 4- A soil card will be given every 3 years for one farm.
Some facts included in the Soil Health Card Scheme :
Under the Soil Health Card Scheme, a thorough inspection of the soil sample will be done. After doing the complete inspection, a report will be prepared in the Soil Health Card which will contain the following things-
- 1-Soil Health
2-Functional characteristics of soil
3-Content of water and various nutrients in the soil
4- If additional properties are found in the soil, then a separate list will be given in the card.
5-Some corrective measures, by the farmer, will be able to use to improve the defects of his soil.
Why is the Soil Health Card Scheme necessary?
In some states, farmers were already being given reports about their soil. Some farmers were educated who could understand their soil better. But to do this in the whole of India, it was necessary to bring this scheme. Some farmers who are not educated do not know what should be the approach and what should be done for this. For this reason, the government launched the Soil Health Card Scheme. Now, with the knowledge of the nature of the soil, the farmer will know how much fertilizer he needs. If they are not understanding something or they are unable to understand the corrective suggestion then they can take the advice of experts.
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Benefits of Soil Health Card Scheme :
- Under this scheme, the soil of the farmers will be thoroughly checked and they will be given its report. By which they will be able to decide which crop should be grown and which should be discarded.
- The authority will check the soil on regular basis. For example, there will be a complete check of salinity alkalinity, and acidity. A report will be given to the farmers every 3 years. If there are changes in the soil during certain factors then there is no need for the farmer to worry. The data about their soil will always be updated.
- This work of the government will continue to make a list of measures to improve the quality of the soil without stopping. Even the experts will help in giving corrective measures to the farmers.
- Regular soil testing will help the farmers to get a record of keeping the soil healthy for a long time. According to this, they will be able to study it and evaluate the results of different soil management methods.
- This card can become very helpful and effective when it is filled regularly by the same person over a period of time.
- This soil card will also tell the farmers the deficiency in their soil, so that they will be able to understand which crop should be invested, and they will also tell what fertilizer is needed by the soil, which will ultimately increase the yield of the crop. May be
- The main objective of this scheme is to find the type of particular soil and make available the improvement required by the experts. Also, if there is any deficiency in it, then it has to be filled.
How does the Soil Health Card Scheme work?
- First of all the authority will collect samples of different soils.
- After this they will send it to the lab for testing. And the experts will check it inside the lab.
- After the test, the expert will analyze the result of the test.
- Then they will list the strengths and weaknesses of different soil samples.
- If there is some deficiency in the soil, then give suggestions for its improvement and make a list of it.
- After this, the government will put complete information in a formatted manner in the soil card for the farmers. This information will be given in such a way that farmers can understand it well and easily.
Budget of Soil Health Card Scheme :
An amount of Rs 568 crore has been allocated by the government for the Soil Health Card scheme. In the Union Budget of India in 2016, Rs 100 crore has been allocated for making Soil Health Cards and for setting up labs in the states.
Demonstration and planning of Soil Health Card Scheme :
Against the target of issuing 84 lakh Soil Health Cards in the year 2015-2016, only 34 lakh Soil Health Cards were issued till July 2015. Among the states of Arunachal Pradesh, Goa, Gujarat, Haryana, Kerala, Mizoram, Sikkim, Tamil Nadu, Uttarakhand, and West Bengal, not a single Soil Health Card was issued till that time. This was to increase to 1.12 crore by February 2016. Till February 2016, against the target of 104 lakh soil samples, 81 lakh soil samples were reported and 52 lakh tested in the states.
In 2015-2016, the target was to collect soil samples to issue 100 lakh Soil Health Cards. After this, printing was being done to distribute 2 crore cards before March 2016. The government plans to distribute 14 crores Soil Health Cards to farmers across India by 2017.
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Soil Health Management Plan MP :
To increase the fertilizer capacity of the soil, the government has started the Soil Management Program so that the crop yield can be increased. Its main purpose is to utilize the nutrients of the land, for which it is necessary to increase the fertility of the land.
Under the scheme, laboratories will be set up for soil testing and 20 trainees will be recruited for the training of farmers.
1 Farmer Training – Rs 10,000 per training for 20 trainers
2 Field Demonstration- Rs 20,000 per front line field demonstration for 1 acre
3 Portable Mud Training Kits- Rs 15,000 per kit
4 50% of the cost will be given up to Rs.500 per hectare or Rs.1000 per beneficiary