Thomas Watson Physics and History

Thomas John Watson Sr. was an American businessman who lived from February 17, 1874, until June 19, 1956. He served as the President and CEO of International Business Machines (IBM).[1] [2] He oversaw the company’s development into an international force from 1914 to 1956. From John Henry Patterson’s training at NCR, Watson built IBM’s managerial style and corporate culture. [3] He transformed the company into a highly effective sales organization based primarily on punch-card tabulating machines. A prominent self-made industrialist, [4] he was one of the richest men of his time and when he died in 1956 was called the world’s greatest salesman.

Thomas Watson

Born Thomas John Watson :

February 17, 1874
Campbell, New York, USA
Died 19 June 1956 (age 82)
Manhattan, New York City, USA
Profession President and CEO of IBM 1914-1956
Spouse Janet M. Kittredge (1883–1966)

(M. 1913; his death 1956)
Children 4, including Thomas Watson Jr. and Arthur K. Watson, is involved

Early Life and Career :

Thomas J. Watson was the fifth child and only son of Thomas and Jane Fulton White Watson and was born in Campbell, New York. [5] He had four older siblings, Jenny, Effie, Loua, and Emma. His father farmed and ran a modest lumber business in the South Tier area of ​​New York, a few miles west of Corning, near the Painted Post. [6] Thomas worked on the family farm in East Campbell, New York, and attended District School Number Five in the late 1870s. [7] As Watson entered his teen years, he attended the Edison Academy in Edison, New York. [6]

Just one day after his first job—teaching, Watson took a one-year course in accounting and business at the Miller School of Commerce in Elmira. He left school in 1891, taking a $6 a week job as a bookkeeper for Clarence Risley’s Market in the Painted Post. A year later he joined George Cornwell, a traveling salesman, paddling organs and piano around the fields for Watson’s first sales job at William Bronson’s local hardware store. When Cornwell moved, Watson remained single, earning $10 a week. After two years of this life, he realized that he would earn $70 per week if he was on commission. Such was his indignation at making this discovery that he left and moved from his familiar surroundings to the city of Buffalo’s relatives. [6]

Read This Also

  1. What is Science Ingenieur?
    What is Energy Transformation

Watson then spent little time selling sewing machines for Wheeler and Wilson. In his memoirs, Tom Watson, Jr. writes:

One day my dad went to a roadside salon to celebrate a sale and he had plenty to drink. When the bar closed, he found that his entire rig—horse, buggy, and specimens—had been stolen. Wheeler and Wilson fired him and reprimanded him for the lost property. Of course, word got around, and it took Dad over a year to find a more stable job. [8]

Watson later implemented strict rules at IBM against the consumption of alcohol, even from the job. According to Tom Jr.

This anecdote never made it into IBM lore, which is too bad, because it would have helped convince the father of the thousands who had to obey his rules. [8]

Watson’s next job was negotiating the shares of the Buffalo Construction and Loan Company for a tradesman CB Baron, a showman named famous for his infamous operations, who denounced Watson. The baron filed with the commission and loan money. Watson then launched a butcher shop in Buffalo, but it failed quickly, leaving him with no money, no investment, and no work.

Personal life
Watson married Janet Kittredge from Dayton, ahead of the Ohio Railroad family, on the 17th of April, 1913 He was the father of two sons and two daughters.

Thomas Watson, Jr. succeeded his father as president of IBM and later served as ambassador to the Soviet Union under Jimmy Carter.

Jeanette Watson Irwin married businessman John N. married Irwin II, later ambassador to France

Helen Watson Buckner Becomes a Significant Philanthropist in New York City
Arthur K. Watson was the president of IBM World Trade Corporation and then the French ambassador.
As a Democrat (after his criminal indictment by the Taft administration), Watson was a strong supporter of Roosevelt. He was one of the most prominent businessmen of the Democratic Party. In the business community, he was Roosevelt’s most ardent backer. [citation needed] Cemetery of Thomas J Watson, Sr.
Watson served as a powerful trustee From June 6, 1933, until his death, Watson was a significant trustee of Columbia University. He elected Dwight D. Eisenhower as its president and played a central role in persuading Eisenhower to become president of the university. Additionally, he served as a trustee of Lafayette College and named Watson Hall, a campus residence hall. [22] [23] In 1936 the US Supreme Court upheld a lower court ruling that IBM, along with Remington Rand, should discontinue its practice of requiring its customers to purchase their punch cards alone. This decision made little difference because IBM was the only effective supplier to the market, and profits were not reduced. [4]

Adolf Hitler bestowed the Order of the German Eagle on Watson in 1937. Watson was also president of the International Chamber of Commerce in 1937; The medal was awarded during the ICC meeting in Germany that year. [24]

In 1939, he received an honorary degree in Doctor of Commercial Science from Oglethorpe University. [25]

In the 1940s, Watson was on the National Executive Board of the Boy Scouts of America and served for a time as an International Scout Commissioner. E. Earner Goodman reported that the elderly Watson attended an international Scout commissioner meeting in Switzerland, where the IBM founder asked not to sit on a pedestal. Watson “sat by that campfire in scout uniform, ‘chewing the fat’ like the rest of the guys” before the conference finished, according to Goodman.”. [26] In 1944, he was awarded the Silver Buffalo Award. His son, Thomas Jr., later served as the national president of the Boy Scouts of America from 1964 to 1968. He was also honored in the Hall of Fame of Steuben County, New York. Watson remained the owner and operator of the family farm where he was born throughout his life. In 1955 he and his wife gifted it, along with one million dollars, to the Methodist Church for use as a retreat and convention center, which they named Watson Homestead in memory of their parents. Watson Homestead became independent from the church in 1995 and continues as a convention and retreat center. The one-room school that Watson attended as a child is still in the field. [27]

Watson was chairman of the Elmira College Centenary Committee in 1955 and donated Watson Hall, which was primarily a music and mathematics academic building.
In 1990 he was posthumously inducted into the Junior Achievement US Business Hall of Fame. [28]

Leave a Comment