what are the scientific method steps

Whatever is the scientific method called? What is the scientific method’s procedure? Define and explain the scientific method. What are the positions in it? Explain with a suitable example.

What are The Scientific Method Steps :

Before discussing the scientific method, we must first discuss the science; only then will we be able to fully comprehend the scientific process. Science is expert and ‘knowledge’ means information. Thus special information is called science. This special knowledge can be acquired only through the systematic method. This can always be checked, thus science means that knowledge that is obtained by systematic methods, whose truth can be checked and which can predict, is called the scientific method.

Meaning of Scientific Method :

The scientific method is a systematic method of scientific study. Explaining its meaning, the father of sociology, Auguste Comte, has said that, “There is no place for religion, philosophy or imagination in the scientific method. On the contrary, a systematic method of observation, experiment and classification is called the scientific method.”

What is The Definition of Scientific Method :

The harmony of the sciences rests in their method, not in their content,” Carl Pearson says.

In the words of Lundberg, the systematic observation of data in the scientific method, which includes classification or selection. The main differences between our everyday findings and the scientific method lie in the degree of formality, the ability to be rigorously verifiable, and broadly authentic.”

Based on these definitions, it can be said that the scientific method is a systematic method of acquiring knowledge, which includes observation, classification, tabulation, and generalization of facts.

Characteristics of the Scientific Method | The Characteristics of the Scientific Method are Described :

1. Verification – Verification is such a quality due to which scientific methods are considered more authentic than other methods. In this, any person can check the findings at any time using the prescribed procedure. Thus it is important in the scientific method that no theory is made forcibly, but is tested and verified. Verification requires that the truth be observed, as Lund Berg wrote – “If observation is necessary for the verification of the conclusions of a theory but it is impracticable or impossible, then it should be considered scientific rather than scientific.” would be considered philosophical.”

2. Definiteness – The scientific method is definite, the subject matter for determinism is clearly defined, and they are remembered and classified.

3. Subjectivity – A scientist can’t be completely subjective. But sufficient subjectivity in appropriate quantities can also be considered suitable for the scientific method. Verification is essential for verification. Highlighting its importance, Wolf states that – “The first requirement of correct knowledge is the desire and ability to obtain such facts which are not affected by the prevailing ideology and personal views in the external form.”

4. Generality– Generality is an essential characteristic of scientific nature. The research effort carried out by the scientific method applies to all. But this is possible only when the conclusions related to the problem have been drawn on a scientific basis. “Science does not belong to individual substances or groups of individual substances,” Wolf asserts. I. It is primarily concerned with representative forms, varieties or classes of which the individual matter present is an example.” Thus, when a single unit is studied, the findings apply to the whole class of that unit. This shows that scientific laws are universal. In this way, it can be said that in general, it has its main characteristics.

5. Predictability – The fifth feature of the scientific method is the ability to indicate the future. This means that whatever is visible in the present will be true in the future also if found in similar circumstances. If changes are taking place in the event, then based on that what will change like truth in future, it is also the specialty of the scientific method to predict it. Thus the scientific method can make predictions about the events and conditions of the society.


It can be said that the scientific method can verify facts, with certainty, subjectivity, in general, and forecast, as well as indicate the events that change based on causal relationships and their possible consequences. Is.

The Main Stages of the Scientific Method are Described :

1. Choice of Problem-

First of all, the researcher has to select a problem and study the literature or available information related to it.

2. Determination of the Study’s Objectives-

After selecting the problem, it is very important to determine the objectives of the study, these objectives can be both general and specific.

3. Study Area

The study area is also an important stage of the scientific method. It is necessary to decide the study area from the point of view that the student himself or herself knows which area he has to study so that he can avoid collecting unnecessary material.

4. Selection of study methods and instruments-

After determining the area, study methods and equipment are selected for the study. Considering the purpose and nature of the study, it decides whether to use the interview method, schedule, and questionnaire or individual study method, or any other method to collect information. If he is using the interview method, he also prepares the interview guide as a study tool.

5. Observation and compilation of facts-

A subtle and careful observation of the subject matter or event is made. Apart from observation, any other method of study is also resorted to for collecting facts, the collected facts are written down.

6. Analysis and Interpretation –

Analysis and interpretation are also the main stages of the scientific method. The collected facts are divided into different classes on the basis of similarities. Then tables are prepared and facts are analyzed, working relationships are ascertained.

7. Generalization

Based on the pattern of classified facts, conclusions are drawn and general rules are made, these general rules are called scientific principles.

8. Testing or re-testing-

General rules are checked and re-examined. Conclusions and rules are scrutinized to find out whether they are universally correct and require amendment.

9. Prediction-

Predictions are made on the basis of the inferences derived from the gathered facts. Predictions are made regarding future events.

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