What Climate Change Effects : Global warming: The burning of fossil fuels and over-exploitation of natural resources have led to a serious problem of climate change. If climate change is not stopped in time, millions of people will be victims of disasters like starvation, water crisis, and floods. This crisis will affect the whole world. Climate change will, however, have the greatest impact on poor countries. Along with this, such countries will suffer the most, which are the least responsible for climate change. Backward and developing countries will be more prone to problems arising out of climate change.
Climate change is affecting more of the Arctic region, Africa, and smaller islands. The Arctic (North Pole) is warming twice as fast as the rest of the planet. According to scientists, the ice of the North Pole will melt during the summer season in the next few years. According to another study, this can happen over the course of six years.
The temperature of Antarctica has doubled in the last 100 years. Due to this, the ice area of Antarctica has also decreased. In this way, due to the changes in the ecology there, all the organisms present there are also affected. If the increase in temperature continues like this, then by the end of this century about 80 percent of the glaciers of the Alps mountain range will melt. It is a matter of concern for us that the glaciers of the Himalayan region are melting faster than the glaciers of other regions of the world.
Due to the increase in the temperature of the earth, the rate of melting of glaciers and polar regions has increased, as a result of which the water level of the oceans has risen on average by 27 cm. According to climatologists, if the process of accumulation of greenhouse gases in the atmosphere continues, then the temperature of the earth will continue to increase, as a result of which the rate of melting of glaciers and polar regions will increase the risk of the sinking of ocean coastlines and increasing of oceans. The water level will submerge thousands of islands like the Maldives.
Apart from this, ocean ecosystems have also been affected due to the increasing amount of carbon dioxide. Today, the amount of acidity in the ocean water is increasing, due to which the organisms living in the oceans are being adversely affected. Apart from this, the capacity of the oceans to absorb carbon dioxide gas is also decreasing day by day. Pollution causes great damage to the ecosystem and due to this, there can be widespread upheaval on the earth.
In the future, if the increase in temperature starts happening more rapidly then its consequences can be very dire. Due to the difference of only 1-2 degrees Celsius in temperature, there can be a huge change in agriculture in many parts of the earth. Along with the change in the area available for grazing, it will also have an impact on the availability of water and all this will result in the migration of a large number of people.
Mass migration due to climate change-induced droughts and floods will disturb the social balance. This would result in instability and violence leading to national and international insecurity. Due to the food crisis and water shortage due to climate change, there is going to be worldwide unrest, India, Pakistan, and Bangladesh, and China will also be affected by it. According to a report called “Climate Change Threats to Food Security”, climate change will affect the coordination of many communities in the coming decades.
The effects of climate change will be visible in all regions of the world. India too will not be spared from the ill effects of climate change. Due to the rising temperature of the earth, India will also have to face many problems. It is estimated that by the end of this century, the average temperature in India will increase by 4 °C.
The Indian Space Research Organization (ISRO) has said on the basis of data received from satellites that the Indian sea is rising at the rate of 2.5 mm annually. It is being estimated from a study that if this trend of rising sea level along the Indian border continues, then by 2050 the sea level may rise by 15 to 36 cm. Many areas will be submerged when the sea level rises by 50 cm. About a dozen islands in India’s Sundarban delta are in danger of drowning, which will affect more than 70 million people.
What Climate Change Effects :
In recent decades, the average temperature has increased in many areas due to the greenhouse effect. According to the predictions of scientists, by the year 2022, the temperature of the whole world will be the highest compared to the last 1000 years.
The Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change predicted in 1995 that if the current trend continues, the 21st century will see a rise in temperature of 3.5 to 10 °C. The average global surface temperature has increased by 0.6 °C in the twentieth century. Globally, 1998 was the hottest year and the 1990s was the hottest decade ever, proving that climate change has begun as a result of the greenhouse effect. Climate change will have many consequences, most of which will be harmful.
Effect on Rainfall :
As a result of climate change, there will be an increase in rainfall in the monsoon regions of the world, which will lead to problems like floods, landslides, and land erosion. Water quality will decline. There will be serious impacts on the supply of freshwater.
As far as India is concerned, Central and North India will receive less rainfall whereas, on the contrary, Northeast and South-Western states of the country will receive more rainfall. As a result, shortage of rainwater will lead to drought-like situations in central and northern India while flood-like problems are due to excess rainfall in northeastern and southwestern states. In both cases, agricultural productivity will be adversely affected. The availability of clean water for drinking and washing clothes will be less during droughts and floods. Water will be polluted and drainage systems will be damaged.
Climate change will also affect the distribution of water resources. The water bodies of high latitude countries and South-East Asia will have a water surplus while Central Asia will have water scarcity. Countries at low latitudes will face water scarcity.
Impact on Sea Level :
Due to the melting of polar ice as a result of climate change, the world’s average sea level is 9 to 88 cm by the end of the 21st century. It is expected to increase to more than half of the world’s population, which is 60 km from the sea. distance, but will have the opposite effect.
The Ganges-Brahmaputra delta of Bangladesh, the Nile delta of Egypt, and several smaller islands, including the Marshall Islands and the Maldives, will cease to exist by the year 2100. In order to draw the attention of the whole world to this danger, in October 2009, the cabinet of the Government of Maldives conducted a unique experiment sitting under the sea. At this meeting, a declaration for the Copenhagen Conference of December 2009 was also prepared. The Solomon Islands in the Pacific Ocean are on the verge of sinking due to the rise in water level.
The coastal areas of the Indian states of Orissa, Andhra Pradesh, Tamil Nadu, Kerala, Karnataka, Maharashtra, Goa, Gujarat, and West Bengal will be subject to submergence as a result of climate change. As a result, more than 100 million people will be displaced in the surrounding villages and cities, while the rise in sea level will result in the extinction of India’s Lakshadweep and Andaman and Nicobar islands. Due to the rise in sea level, freshwater sources will get contaminated and as a result, there will be a problem with drinking water.
Climate change will have an impact on the biodiversity-rich coral reefs found in the ocean, which are called tropical rainforests of the oceans. Warming in seawater will result in adverse effects on algae (microbial flora) that provide food and color to coral reefs. The warm oceans would be a factor in the bleaching process that would destroy these high-productivity ecosystems.
The intensity of warming in the Pacific Ocean due to El Nino in the year 1997 has become the most serious cause of death of corals. According to an estimate, about 10 percent of the Earth’s coral reefs have died, 30 percent have been seriously affected and 30 percent have been eroded. The Global Coral Reef Monitoring Network (Australia) estimates that all coral reefs will die by the year 2050.
Climate Change Effects on Agriculture Search Results :
Climate change also affects agricultural production. In the United States, crop productivity will decrease, while in North and East Africa, the Middle East, India, Western Australia, and Mexico, heat, and moisture will increase crop productivity. Based on the availability of rainwater, the area under paddy will increase. As a result of climate change in India, the productivity rate of crops like sugarcane, maize, jawar, bajra, and ragi will increase while on the contrary, the yield of main crops like wheat, paddy, and barley will decline. There will be a substantial decline in potato production rates.
Due to an increase in the rate of nitrogen fixation in pulse crops, due to an increase in temperature, the yield of tur, gram, pea, moong, urad lentil, etc. will increase. The yield of oilseed crops like yellow mustard, brown mustard (Rye), sunflower, sesame, black sesame, linseed, barra (safflower) will decline while the yield of soybean and groundnut will increase. According to an estimate, if the current rate of global warming continues, then there will be a reduction in food production of 12.5 million tonnes in rain-fed areas in India. Due to the increase of 0.50 Celsius temperature in winter, the yield of wheat crop in the state of Punjab can be reduced by up to 10 percent.
In a tropical country like India, due to climate change, there will be an increase in the production of fruits like mango, banana, papaya, chikoo, pineapple, custard apple, pomegranate, bael, date Jamun, fig, plum, watermelon, and cantaloupe, while apple, potato, Bukhara, grapes There will be a decline in the yield of fruits such as pears. Climate change will also have an impact on cropping patterns. As a result of climate change, there will be an expansion in the area of jowar, millet, maize, and pulse crops in north and central India. There will be an unprecedented decline in the area of wheat and paddy in the plains of North India, while the area of paddy will increase in the eastern, southern, and western states of the country. M
The addition of more energy to the atmosphere will also change the global wind pattern. Changes in wind patterns will result in uneven distribution of rainfall. In the future, there will be more rainfall in the deserts whereas, on the contrary, there will be less rainfall in the areas of traditional agriculture. Such changes would lead to massive human migration that would affect the social, economic, and political fabric of human society.
Due to an increase in the frequency of natural calamities like floods, droughts, and storms due to climate change, there will be a decline in food grain production. A decrease in local food production will lead to starvation and malnutrition with long-term health effects. The scarcity of food and water will create conflicts in the affected areas.
How Climate Change Effects Animals Search Results :
Climate change has dire effects on natural biodiversity. Any species needs time to adapt. It will die under the influence of adaptation to a sudden change in the environment. The most impact of climate change will be on the vegetation of the marshy area found in the coastal areas of the sea, which along with providing stability to the coast, are also ideal sites for the migration of marine life. Swamp forests, also known as tidal forests, also serve to protect coastal areas from storm surges. As a result, the risk of ecological imbalance will increase due to the degradation of biodiversity.
Due to warming in the climate, there will be an increase in the incidence of fire in tropical forests, as a result of which there will be a loss of biodiversity due to the destruction of forests.
How Climate Change Effects us Search Results :
Climate change affects human health to a large extent. According to the report of the World Health Organization, due to warming in the climate, there will be an increase in respiratory and heart diseases. In developing countries of the world, there will be an increase in the frequency of infectious diseases like diarrhea, dysentery, cholera, tuberculosis, yellow fever, and intermittent fever. Since temperature and rainfall play an important role in the multiplication and spread of disease vectors, mosquito-borne diseases such as malaria (cold fever), dengue, yellow fever, and Japanese fever are common in South America, Africa, and Southeast Asia. Meningitis) will lead to an increase in mortality from these diseases. Apart from this, the outbreak of Filariasis and Chikungunya will also increase.
Mosquito-borne diseases will also spread to the colder countries of North America and Europe. The impact of climate change on human health will displace a large population that will be called ‘environmental refugees’. More health-related problems will arise.
As a result of climate change, not only will there be an increase in microbes, but their new species will also arise, which will have an adverse effect on the productivity of crops. There will be an increase in the rate of use of pesticides for the protection of crops from pests and pathogens, due to which the environment will be polluted and human health will also be adversely affected.